Linux is, in simplest terms, an Operating System. It is the software on a computer that enables applications and the computer operator to access the devices on the computer to perform desired functions. The Operating System(OS) relays instructions from an application to, for instance the computer’s processor. The processor performs the instructed task, then sends the results back to the application via the Operating System. Linux is development and Free Operating System (OS). Explained in these terms, Linux is very similar to other Operating Systems, such as Windows and OS X. an example of Open Source software.
As an open Operating System, Linux is developed collaboratively, meaning no one company is solely responsible for its development or ongoing support. Companies participating in the Linux economy share research and development costs with their partners and competitors. This spreading of development burden amongst individuals and companies has resulted in a large and efficient ecosystem and unheralded software innovation.
Linux is a Unix-like operating system that was designed to provide personal computer users a free or very low-cost operating system comparable to traditional and
usually more expensive Unix systems. Linux has a reputation as a very efficient and fast performing system. Some important features of Linux are:
a) Architectures: Linux Originally developed for Intel’s x86 hardware, ports available for over two dozen CPU types including ARM.
b) File system Support :Linux use Ext2, Ext3, Ext4, Jfs, ReiserFS, Xfs, Btrfs format.
c) Usage: Linux can be installed on a wide variety of computer hardware, ranging from mobile phones, tablet computers and video game consoles, to mainframes and supercomputers.
d) GUI: Linux typically provides two GUIS, KDE and Gnome. But Linux GUI is optional.
e) Market Share for Desktop PC: The market share of Linux is about 1.29%.
f) Threat Detection and Solution: In case of Linux, threat detection and solution is very fast, as Linux is mainly community driven and whenever any Linux user post s any kind of threat, several developers start working on it from different parts of the world.
g) Cost: Linux can be freely distributed, downloaded freely, distributed through magazines, Books etc. There are priced versions for Linux also, but they are normally cheaper than Windows.
h) Security: Linux has had about 60-100 viruses listed till date.
i) Text Mode Interface: BASH (Bourne Again Shell) is the Linux default shell. It can support multiple command interpreters.
j) Development and Distribution: Linux is developed by Open Source development i.e. through sharing and collaboration of code and features through forums etc. and it is distributed by various vendors such as Debian, Red Hat, SUSE, Ubuntu, and GentuX etc.
k) User: Linux Operating System for everyone, from home users to developers and computer enthusiasts alike.
l. Kernel: Linux kernel is freely available. Linux kernel is developed by the community. Linus Torvalds oversees things.
m. Patches: Linux patches are not highly tested as UNIX patches.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF LINUX *
The Pros of Linux
- It is very easy to install and you don’t need to install it all straight away. If you just want to test the waters and see if you like it, you can boot Linux from a USB flash drive or CD and use it from there. It will boot just fine and you don’t need to make changes to your hard drive-win/win.
- If you have a bit of developer in you and know what you are doing you change Linux to suit you. Unlike Windows (as it’s a tad illegal for Windows)
- It’s free! You do not have to pay for it.
- You can distribute your changes in Linux to help others.
- 5. It is known for being a more stable and secure system (The chances of getting a virus on Linux are notably lower than other OS).
- It consumes very little resources and space unlike Windows. So you can virtually run a system on 500MB of drive and 300mb of ram. Pretty impressive.
- It can be run with Windows or inside of Windows if you don’t want to jump ships completely. 8. It is a very smart and powerful system, you practically have power over whatever you
want and configure almost everything. 9. There are alternatives for nearly any programme or it’s close cousin e.g. Photoshop,
Microsoft Word there will be free versions.
- There is community support for troubleshooting
The Cons of Linux
- It isn’t as user friendly as Windows or as ‘straight out of the box. 2. There isn’t a dedicated tech support, so getting ‘fixes’ for things is in your hands unless you want to subscribe to Enterprise Linux. However, you do get the software free so it’s something to consider.
- If you are a gamer, you will prefer Windows as most of the games aren’t available but that’s not to say you can’t. Just not as much and as easy.
4. Drivers don’t really exist, there will be work around but users have reported problems when trying to use certain hardwares or old hardwares.
5. It’s probably better used as a dual boot rather than a Windows replacement due to the fact you can’t get propriety programs on it and although they offer cousins, it won’t be the same. Photoshop is Photoshop, after all.
My name is Bishal Sharma .I am the student of computer science ,i love writing blogs and sharing my knowledge, tricks and ideas about different topics related to Tech. So ,get stick with me if you want yourself to be updated about technology tricks and methods. Follow us in the social media (@TechVisco), links are given below. Feel free to email us at [email protected]